GVM TECHNICAL INFORMATION

 

Lovells Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) Upgrade Capacity and Gross Combined Mass (GCM) Capacity Guide - Effective 11th May 2020


- CPA 25742, Toyota Landcruiser LC70 Cab Chassis (Single & Dual Cab)/Troop Carrier to 3900kg. (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7400kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 25742, Toyota Landcruiser LC79 Cab Chassis 2dr Single Cab 5 Star ANCAP to 4200kg. (Original GVM is 3400kg)- GCM=7400kg(minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 25742, Toyota Landcruiser LC79 Cab Chassis 4dr Dual Cab MY18 to 4200kg. (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7400kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 25742-8 Toyota Landcruiser LC76 Series 4 door Wagon to 3660kg. (Original GVM is 3000kg)- GCM=7160kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 28971 Nissan Patrol Cab Chassis Y61 to 3900kg. (Original GVM is 3400kg)- STATE COMPLIANCE ONLY - CPA 40257 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Wagon to 3800kg (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7300kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 40257 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Wagon to 4000kg (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7500kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 40257 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Wagon to 3800kg (Original GVM is 3300kg) with Lovells 4000kg BTC Upgrade- GCM=7800kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46734 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Commercial Wagon to 4000kg (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7500kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46734 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Commercial Wagon to 3800kg (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7300kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46734 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Wagon to 3800kg (Original GVM is 3300kg) with Lovells 4000kg BTC Upgrade- GCM=7800kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 42029 Toyota Hilux 150 Series 4x4 3/05-2015 to 3300kg (up from standard GVM of 2710kg- Extra Cab, 2780kg- Dual Cab and 2835kg- Single Cab)- STATE COMPLIANCE ONLY - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX1 & PX2 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX1 & PX2 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus)- Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX3 2.0 litre bi-turbo Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX3 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX3 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus). Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PXII 3.2 litre Diesel 4x2 Hi-Rider to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PXII 3.2 litre Diesel 4x2 Hi-Rider to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus). Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 47037 Mazda BT50 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). - GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 47037 Mazda BT50 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). - GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus). Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 47037 Mazda BT50 3.2 litre Diesel 4x2 Hi-Rider to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). - GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 47037 Mazda BT50 3.2 litre Diesel 4x2 Hi-Rider to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). - GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus). Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 47909 Toyota Hilux GUN126 Series 4x4 2015 on (Manual) to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus)- Does not include “Rugged or Rugged X” variants. - CPA 47909 Toyota Hilux GUN126 Series 4x2 Hi-Rider 2015 on (Manual) to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 47909 Toyota Hilux GUN126 Series 4x4 2015 on (Auto) to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus)- Does not include “Rugged or Rugged X” variants. - CPA 47909 Toyota Hilux GUN126 Series 4x2 Hi-Rider 2015 on (Auto) to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48580 Isuzu D Max 4x4 06/12 on to 3600kg (Original GVM of 2950kg)- GCM=7000kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48580 Isuzu D Max 4x2 06/12 on to 3600kg (Original GVM of 2950kg)- GCM=7000kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48305 Toyota Prado 150 Series 10/09-01/18 to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- (OE BTC 2500kg) GCM=6000kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48305 Toyota Prado 150 Series 01/18 on to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg) (OE BTC 3000kg)- GCM=6500kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48305 Toyota Prado 150 Series 10/09 on to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- with Lovells 3100kg BTC Upgrade- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus IMPORTANT: For in service/post registration vehicles (State Compliance), Queensland, WA and NT no longer recognise a revised GCM over Original Equipment. NSW, SA and VIC recognise a revised GCM and Towing Capacity Upgrade if endorsed by the inspecting engineering signatory. QLD recognises a revised Towing Capacity over Original Equipment. WA and NT no longer allow Towing Capacity over Original Equipment. Tasmania no longer recognise Towing Capacity Upgrades over Original Equipment, however they do recognise a revised GCM.





CAPACITY GUIDE

 

Defined by Vehicle Manufacturer


Gross Vehicle Mass “GVM” Weight transmitted by all tow vehicle axles to the ground Front Axle Capacity “FAC” Weight on tow vehicle front axle Rear Axle Capacity “RAC” Weight on tow vehicle rear axle Towing Capacity Typically stated at ATM (see trailer definitions) Towbar Down Force “TDF” Weight transmitted from trailer to vehicle towbar Gross Combination Mass “GCM” Sum of all axle loads; vehicle and trailer These are defined by the vehicle manufacturer and maybe limited by the capacity of axles, engine and drivetrain limitations and vehicle gradability. MANUFACTURER - the name of the person or company who accepts responsibility for compliance with the Australian Design Rules and to whom the ‘Compliance Plate’ approval certificate is issued. This definition of “Manufacturer” encompasses First Stage Manufacturers and all Second Stage Manufacturers for which a federally approved compliance plate has been issued for the vehicle. As defined by Vehicle Standards (Australian Design Rule – Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005 - dated 14/5/2016.




Defined by Trailer Manufacturer


Gross Trailer Mass “GTM” Weight transmitted by all trailer axles to the ground Aggregate Trailer Mass “ATM” Trailer mass including tow ball down force on tow vehicle These are defined by the trailer manufacturer and maybe limited by the capacity of axles, capacity of suspension and the capacity of the tyres. The towing vehicle and trailer must adhere to these limits at all times. This is to ensure the vehicle operator remains within safety and legal requirements in all vehicle loading and towing situations. This ensures insurance policies remain valid and also leads to a stable towing experience with a properly balanced vehicle-trailer combination.




1.1. Vehicle Capacity Definition


Vehicles are limited by:

  • Front Axle Capacity (FAC)
  • Rear Axle Capacity (RAC)
  • Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM)
  • Gross Combination Mass (GCM)
The Lovells Front Axle Capacity CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The Lovells Rear Axle Capacity CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The Lovells Gross Vehicle Mass is inclusive of the following and CANNOT BE EXCEEDED:
  • Vehicle Tare Mass
  • Passengers
  • Cargo
  • Fuel
  • Towbar Down Force
  • Any other fitted accessories
GVM = Front Axle Tare + Rear Axle Tare + PAX + Cargo + TDF + Accessories




2. Definitions Summary


This outlines, in simple terms, the definitions of critical concepts to be considered when towing a trailer with a laden vehicle. At all times, the road going tow vehicle and trailer must be within manufacture and Road Authority mass and axle limits. This means at all times: The Front Axle Capacity CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The Rear Axle Capacity CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The GVM (Gross Vehicle Mass) CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The GCM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The ATM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The GTM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED.




1.2. Gross Combination/Combined Mass Definition


The Gross Combination/Combined Mass, GCM, is defined as follows: GCM = GVM – TDF + ATM In simple terms it is the sum of all vehicle and trailer axle loads transmitted to the ground. The GCM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED.




1.3. Trailer Capacity Definition


Trailers and towbars are rated by Aggregate Trailer Mass (ATM) which is the total weight of the trailer. The ATM is defined in simple terms as All The Trailer Mass. It is inclusive of the loads on the axles or GTM, and the load on the tow coupling or TDF. The axle loads on the trailer are defined as Gross Trailer Mass (GTM). The trailer imposes a load on the tow vehicle defined as Towbar Down Force (TDF). ATM = GTM + TDF The ATM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The GTM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED.





DEFINITIONS

 

Lovells Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) Upgrade Capacity and Gross Combined Mass (GCM) Capacity Guide - Effective 11th May 2020


- CPA 25742, Toyota Landcruiser LC70 Cab Chassis (Single & Dual Cab)/Troop Carrier to 3900kg. (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7400kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 25742, Toyota Landcruiser LC79 Cab Chassis 2dr Single Cab 5 Star ANCAP to 4200kg. (Original GVM is 3400kg)- GCM=7400kg(minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 25742, Toyota Landcruiser LC79 Cab Chassis 4dr Dual Cab MY18 to 4200kg. (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7400kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 25742-8 Toyota Landcruiser LC76 Series 4 door Wagon to 3660kg. (Original GVM is 3000kg)- GCM=7160kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 28971 Nissan Patrol Cab Chassis Y61 to 3900kg. (Original GVM is 3400kg)- STATE COMPLIANCE ONLY - CPA 40257 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Wagon to 3800kg (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7300kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 40257 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Wagon to 4000kg (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7500kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 40257 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Wagon to 3800kg (Original GVM is 3300kg) with Lovells 4000kg BTC Upgrade- GCM=7800kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46734 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Commercial Wagon to 4000kg (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7500kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46734 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Commercial Wagon to 3800kg (Original GVM is 3300kg)- GCM=7300kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46734 Toyota Landcruiser 200 Series Wagon to 3800kg (Original GVM is 3300kg) with Lovells 4000kg BTC Upgrade- GCM=7800kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 42029 Toyota Hilux 150 Series 4x4 3/05-2015 to 3300kg (up from standard GVM of 2710kg- Extra Cab, 2780kg- Dual Cab and 2835kg- Single Cab)- STATE COMPLIANCE ONLY - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX1 & PX2 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX1 & PX2 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus)- Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX3 2.0 litre bi-turbo Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX3 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PX3 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg).- GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus). Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PXII 3.2 litre Diesel 4x2 Hi-Rider to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 46728 Ford Ranger PXII 3.2 litre Diesel 4x2 Hi-Rider to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus). Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 47037 Mazda BT50 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). - GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 47037 Mazda BT50 3.2 litre Diesel 4x4 to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). - GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus). Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 47037 Mazda BT50 3.2 litre Diesel 4x2 Hi-Rider to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). - GCM=6600kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 47037 Mazda BT50 3.2 litre Diesel 4x2 Hi-Rider to 3500kg. (Original GVM is 3200kg). - GCM=7100kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus). Lovells Cooling System Upgrade must be fitted. - CPA 47909 Toyota Hilux GUN126 Series 4x4 2015 on (Manual) to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus)- Does not include “Rugged or Rugged X” variants. - CPA 47909 Toyota Hilux GUN126 Series 4x2 Hi-Rider 2015 on (Manual) to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 47909 Toyota Hilux GUN126 Series 4x4 2015 on (Auto) to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus)- Does not include “Rugged or Rugged X” variants. - CPA 47909 Toyota Hilux GUN126 Series 4x2 Hi-Rider 2015 on (Auto) to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48580 Isuzu D Max 4x4 06/12 on to 3600kg (Original GVM of 2950kg)- GCM=7000kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48580 Isuzu D Max 4x2 06/12 on to 3600kg (Original GVM of 2950kg)- GCM=7000kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48305 Toyota Prado 150 Series 10/09-01/18 to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- (OE BTC 2500kg) GCM=6000kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48305 Toyota Prado 150 Series 01/18 on to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg) (OE BTC 3000kg)- GCM=6500kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus) - CPA 48305 Toyota Prado 150 Series 10/09 on to 3500kg (Original GVM of 3000kg)- with Lovells 3100kg BTC Upgrade- GCM=6550kg (minus ball weight of towed apparatus IMPORTANT: For in service/post registration vehicles (State Compliance), Queensland, WA and NT no longer recognise a revised GCM over Original Equipment. NSW, SA and VIC recognise a revised GCM and Towing Capacity Upgrade if endorsed by the inspecting engineering signatory. QLD recognises a revised Towing Capacity over Original Equipment. WA and NT no longer allow Towing Capacity over Original Equipment. Tasmania no longer recognise Towing Capacity Upgrades over Original Equipment, however they do recognise a revised GCM.





GVM UPGRADE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Lovells Automotive Systems Pty Ltd
(Incorporating Lovells Springs Pty Ltd)

 

Unit 2, 25 Badgally Rd,

Campbelltown NSW 2560

AUSTRALIA
 

Phone 02 9820 6800
Fax 02 9820 6788
email sales@lovells.com.au

 © 2020 Lovells Automotive Systems